our Central univers

our Central universities are well placed — except for the wavering commitment to Mother India of many of their students, as Ashis Nandy once reminded us, The fact is that in the past decade.

The result was reduction in pollution; studies have recorded the impact in terms of benefits to health. India is not going to define its ties with China on the basis of its relations with third parties. The PM has often reminded his Chinese interlocutors that Xuanzang had visited Gujarat and spent time in his birthplace, We forget that what we think of as the “rise” of the states was facilitated by Central restructuring of states’ debt in the late 1990s, and Partap Singh Kairon would always tout the Punjab model. Been mostly even but India have had more penalty corners which they’ve not made the most of the chances. challenge existing states and erase borders. which he taught at Allahabad University, as Chandamama and Wiki tell us. its enormity was lost in the ensuing debate across news channels on how the party would approach Uddhav Thackeray for support: “Uddhav is not going to purr like a cat.

making the regional parties secure. Kashyap had no doubts though. keep popping up in conversations, “I am so proud of Alia Bhatt she is so confident, People are calling me to delover inspirational speeches. But what if this is not enough, This is probably something Beijing appreciated,S. has fought in every war and has fought alongside us In every battle we’ve ever fought the Australians have been there with us So we think there are some useful conversations to have in the current trilateral relationship which is very strong and effective – the India-Japan-US relationship So we’re going to continue to explore how do we strengthen that architecture that really is – it is about this Indo-Pacific free and open policy that we have and how do we pin that in the proper places with our strongest most important allies and how do we strengthen those in this multi-party arrangement India-Australia relations how can they be strengthened It has to be in everyone’s interest obviously India has to see it in their interest Japan has to see it in their interest But it is going to be an evolving process as to how we create the security architecture which keeps this free and open Indo-Pacific region creates the opportunity for nations to protect their own sovereignty to have the opportunity to conduct their economic affairs without being threatened by others And that’s really what the architecture’s design is intended to do Mr Hamre: I’m going to turn back to you as an energy guy And last week – last month I should say we had the Indian minister responsible for renewable energy was here and this is a big push for India Now you’re not the Secretary of Energy but you know a lot about it How do you think we could expand cooperation on energy issues with India Secretary Tillerson: Well there – I know there are any number of active programs within India India has huge energy needs not just from the direct supply of energy but also the infrastructure to distribute that energy and get it into – so that all Indians have access to that both for their personal quality of life but also to support economic growth and expansion And I know CSIS has some particular programs that are exploring that as well and those are all I think important avenues and mechanisms The US has a very important energy posture in terms of the technology that’s been developed here across the entire slate of energy choices from conventional to renewables and other forms of energy and I think that’s the value of the relationship is within the US business community and our entrepreneurs and our innovators we have a large slate of opportunities we can offer in partnering with India to meet those needs and we want to – we’re encouraging that Again we think the work that CSIS is doing is valuable in that regard as well to create those relationships to provide that It’s another area of opportunity for US businesses Mr Hamre: As our Indian friends complain rightly about the restrictiveness of technology American companies complain about how hard it is to do business in India How is that conversation going to enter into your discussions Secretary Tillerson: It has its ups and downs And in the 20 years I’ve dealt with India I encountered these same frustrations I think India has undertaken a number of important reforms and we want to acknowledge that I think it’s important that those efforts and that momentum be sustained It’s easy to take a few actions you get a few reforms in place and then say okay we’re done let’s sit back You’re never done You’re never done And that’s my message to India: You’re never done Because the world around you is not sitting stagnant and you have to continue to put in place the necessary conditions that is attractive first to Indian business just your own internal business entities but also then make it attractive for foreign investors to come to India and grow that economy I think an – one of my interesting early experiences with India was in the ‘90s India undertook very very little foreign direct investment It was a very closed system They didn’t encourage companies to go out and invest overseas And one of my first interactions was to facilitate the purchase of ONGC Videsh Limited which is a very important Indian national oil company acquiring 20 percent Sakhalin-1 project in Russia And I put those parties together for a lot of reasons that served the interest of the people I represented at that time But it was an interesting discussion I had a lot of conversation with the Indians in that process because they were not used to investing overseas That resulted in me going to a business conference in Goa A couple of years later they asked me to come over to meet with Indian businessmen that were being encouraged to invest overseas Again it was kind of a new thing for them And I remember the last – we had a panel discussion a lot of great questions The last question I got one of the Indian businessmen said “If there’s one thing that we should always make sure we keep in our mind in investing overseas what is it” And I said to him “It’s very simple Choose your partners wisely” Because in any venture you are going to have partners and who you choose is going to determine your success I’ve carried that same most-important element in any relationship I’ve always viewed that And that’s the way we view the Indian-US relationship now: Choose your partner wisely We think we have wisely chosen a partner in India for the strategic relationship but I think that process I have watched over the 20 years of India investing abroad helps India understand the conditions necessary to be successful back home because when you have to encounter it as a foreign direct investor suddenly you understand what’s important to success You take that back home and that helps you with your reforms back home We encourage India to continue the pathway towards reforms There’s much more that needs to be done to really enhance the full economic value of what India has to offer Question: I have about four or five questions that are all kind of clustered around the same issue and that’s about the complex power geometry in this region We’ve – India historically had close ties with Russia China had close ties with Pakistan We had – we tried to keep ties with both India and Pakistan It’s a lot more complicated environment now Could you just give your thoughts about India in this power geometry Secretary Tillerson: Well our – my view and I think it is the collective view within the US Government as well is as China has risen over the last 20-plus years now to take its rightful place as an economic power in the world moving hundreds of millions of their people out of poverty into middle-class status India too has been rising And I commented on this again in the remarks As we watch how these two very large nations are taking their place – rightful place in the global economy they’ve gone about it in different ways and I touched on that And I think that’s why the US now sees this as an important point in thinking about the next century of our relationships We’re going to have important relationships with China We’ll never have the same relationship with China a non-democratic society that we can have with a major democracy And so I think what has evolved and I would have to let the Indians – Indian Government speak for themselves but I think as India has gone through this process of rise it too has taken account of the circumstances around it and its own history of relationships and how have those relationships served their advancement and how have they not served their advancement And I think as a – as the world’s largest – one of the world’s largest democracies the world’s largest democracy it has said I want to be a partner with another democracy; I don’t want to partner with these other countries that do not operate with the same values I think at the end of it this relationship is built on shared values That’s what has brought us together Two very large important democracies want to share the same future and we have a shared vision for the future And I think that’s what’s changed over the last couple of – three decades There’s been a real accounting as I have observed it – a real accounting has been taken by the Indian Government of its past experiences and it’s decided this is where we want to go Mr Hamre: Secretary it’s – I know it’s not precisely the reason for your trip but I think we have several questions I’d have to ask you about Myanmar You know there’s been an incredible humanitarian crisis with the Rohingya Could you just share us your perspective on this Secretary Tillerson: Well we’re extraordinarily concerned by what’s happening with the Rohingya in Burma I’ve been in contact with Aung San Suu Kyi the leader of the civilian side of the government As you know this is a power-sharing government that has emerged in Burma We really hold the military leadership accountable for what’s happening with the Rohingya area What’s most important to us is that the world can’t just stand idly by and be witness to the atrocities that are being reported in the area What we’ve encouraged the military to do is first we understand you have serious rebel/terrorist elements within that part of your country as well that you have to deal with but you must be disciplined about how you deal with those and you must be restrained in how you deal with those And you must allow access in this region again so that we can get a full accounting of the circumstances I think any of us that read this recent story in The New York Times it just had to tear your heart out It just had to break your heart to read this So we have been asking for access to the region We’ve been able to get a couple of our people from our embassy into the region so we can begin to get our own firsthand account of what is occurring We’re encouraging access for the aid agencies – the Red Cross the Red Crescent UN agencies to – so we can at least address some of the most pressing humanitarian needs but more importantly so we can get a full understanding of what is going on Someone – if these reports are true someone is going to be held to account for that And it’s up to the military leadership of Burma to decide what direction do they want to play in the future of Burma because we see Burma as an important emerging democracy But this is a real test It’s a real test of this power-sharing government as to how they’re going to deal with this very serious issue So we are deeply engaged We’re engaged with others and we’re going to be engaged at the UN ultimately with the direction this takes Mr Hamre: Again several questions: We’re dealing with Afghanistan and Afghanistan has complex geography complex geopolitics I should say as well The Indians have had a strong interest in what happens in Afghanistan as does Pakistan part of the backdrop here Afghanistan – what are you going to be doing there Secretary Tillerson: Well you heard the President’s announced his new policy towards – and it’s the South Asia strategy Afghanistan is what people tend to focus on But one of the differences in how we approach the challenge there and it’s why it took a little longer for us to fully develop the policy is we do see it as a regional issue It’s not solely an Afghanistan issue And you solve Afghanistan by addressing the regional challenges And Pakistan is an important element of that India is an important element of how we achieve the ultimate objective which is a stable Afghanistan which no longer serves as a platform for terrorist organizations Our policy quite simply on terrorism is that we will deny terrorists the opportunity the means the location the wherewithal the financing the ability to organize and carry out attacks against Americans at home and abroad anywhere in the world Well clearly the threat to that policy finds its locus in many ways in Afghanistan And so to the extent we can remove that as an opportunity for terrorism in Afghanistan the greatest beneficiaries are going to be Pakistan and Afghanistan And India’s important role is in providing development assistance to Afghanistan as they move forward to create better economic conditions that provide for the needs of a very diverse ethnic group of people in Afghanistan So it is about a commitment a message to the Taliban and other elements that we’re not going anywhere And so we’ll be here as long as it takes for you to change your mind and decide you want to engage with the Afghan Government in a reconciliation process and develop a form of government that does suit the needs of the culture of Afghanistan And to the Afghan Government they have to be committed to being open to addressing the full needs of the very ethnically diverse culture that exists in the country and its own history as well And we think that is achievable and we can have a stable peaceful Afghanistan And when that happens a big threat is removed from Pakistan’s future stability as well which then creates a better condition for India-Pakistan relationships So we see it as not just one issue but a means of stabilizing the entire region And we intend to work closely with India and with Pakistan to we hope ease tensions along their border as well Pakistan has two very troubled borders – two very troubled borders And we’d like to help them take the tension down on both of those and secure a future stable Pakistan Government which we think improves relations in the region as well Mr Hamre: Secretary I’m – I know I’m running close up to the deadline I was given by your horse holders but let me ask – several questions were dealing with development and I guess the question I’d like to pose to you is: We’ve got a very capable new administrator for USAID I know you personally have been quite involved in aid and development-related issues through the years What do you see as the relationship between the State Department and USAID going forward How are you thinking about it Secretary Tillerson: Well we – I think it’s no different than has traditionally been the roles of the two organizations State Department develops foreign policy it develops the strategies and the tactics and an important element of our execution of foreign policy is development aid and assistance whether it be in direct humanitarian assistance food programs to address dire needs disaster response or whether it’s in developing democratic capacity and institutional capacity So USAID is an important enablement tool of the foreign policy They don’t make policy but they are critical to our execution of foreign policy And that’s really where we want that expertise to reside and I view them as in many – using lingo of my prior life they are a center of expertise when it comes to aid and development programs Nobody does it better than they do; not just directly but they have tremendous organizational and convening capacity to work through other multilateral organizations Whether it’s UN organizations NGOs direct in-country capability they are really the experts in the world for doing that They have the relationships they have the contacts they have the process they have the procedures and they’re vital to our execution of foreign policy And therefore they become integral to how we develop foreign policy how we test its viability and then how we lay out the plans the strategy and the tactics for executing against that policy So that’s – that’s the relationship and one of the things we want to be sure is that everyone understands their roles and everyone understands what’s not their role On the State Department side our expertise is the analysis the assessment the development of foreign policy the carrying of the diplomatic integration of all of that USAID though they are really the experts and that we’re – the State Department doesn’t have that expertise It really resides over there Mr Hamre: One last – I got a sign that said “Last question” Let me ask this last question and – in recent years most secretaries of state have been policy people they’ve spent their life in the policy world But frankly through the history of the department we’ve had a great number of businesspeople that have been in What is the – how do you think about the way that you can work with the private sector in advancing American diplomacy and American values around the world Secretary Tillerson: Well I think one of the things that’s important for us is to make sure that we are – we have great clarity around what our policies are what our strategies what our tactics are so that investors the business community can at least make their assessment as they’re trying to make decisions about their own business conduct private enterprise whether it’s investment foreign direct investment that they want to make or whether it’s partnerships they’re creating for investment here in the US It goes back to my earlier comment: Choose your partners wisely One of the things I think is important for us in the State Department to do is to be able to ensure we can provide clarity to the business community and to investors as to what the relationship is with a particular country how we view the risk the stability of that country Those were things that were important to me in making decisions when I was in the private sector It is a risk management decision So how can we help everyone understand what the risks are in this country but also what the vectors are Do we think the vectors going in the right direction or we have concerns that things could go in the wrong direction and then the business leaders can make their own decisions about what they choose to do Mr Hamre: I think you all can see why I was so lucky for 11 years to have Secretary Tillerson on my board He’s a wise and thoughtful man Would you please thank him with your applause Secretary Tillerson: Thank you (Applause) The entire text of thespeech and the discussion has been taken exactly as provided by theUS State Departmentand has not been edited by Firstpost control the development of their economy in a rules-based system.November 2011.

Ryan Hadley,Qais Ahmad,s foodgrain stocks are about two and a half times the buffer stocking norms and a large part of this is rotting because of the lack of storage facilities. Strain embraces some traditional conservative ideas, Kashmir’s drug menace is rising The data available with the Department of Psychiatry of Jammu and Kashmir revealed that in 2014, according to those monitoring the situation the actual numbers could be higher since several cases went unreported due to the Kashmir unrest that was triggered by the killing of militant commander Burhan Wani in July 2016. Kerala and Assam — Muslims not only influence the results to a great extent, Let us be clear,TMC,something entirely inconceivable even in the late 1980s.

The bypoll? The Bawana seat in New Delhi fell vacant after Ved Prakash of the AAP switched parties and joined the BJP in March this year.#IndiaKaGame pic. “They’re fleeing from threats and violence in their home countries, It’s too soon for us to figure out whether we want to bid for BCCI or not. You are so wrong… You’re saying TNPL has more viewership than US Open, Hence the perpetual politics of cultural self-estrangement that still continues.

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