Pune: Passengers on Delhi-Pune Air India flight AI 849 had a close shave after it overshot the 2,535-metre runway at the Lohegaon Airport in Pune, forcing an emergency evacuation of those aboard. No one was injured. Authorities said all 152 passengers were safely evacuated, while the runway was shut down for over an hour as the aircraft had to be towed awayA number of flights between 6.27 p.m. and 7.30 p.m. were delayed as a result.“The plane overshot the runway after touching down at 6:27 p.m. It halted safely and was towed away. All passengers were evacuated using chutes and no one was injured,” said Air India officials.While many flights were delayed, details were awaited at the time of going to press. Directorate General of Civil Aviation officials said the incident was serious in nature and would be investigated. “This is a case of runway excursion, which seems to be due to excessive tail winds. But there is no damage to the aircraft. A DGCA team from Mumbai will visit Pune on Saturday,” officials said. The Pune Airport forms part of the Indian Air Force’s Lohegaon Air Base and currently handles 126 civil aircraft movements. Air India officials said that a ferry flight was being arranged to fly from Delhi to Pune for the passengers waiting to fly to the capital.
With Ringling Bros. headed to Brooklyn this week, Emmy-winning actor and Brooklyn native Edie Falco is starring in a new PETA video in the hope that her fellow New York City parents will keep their kids far away from the circus.In the video, she says, “I’m a mother. I cannot imagine having my children taken from me and forced to spend the rest of their lives away from everything that matters to them.” Falco’s video reveals how baby elephants—with whom females would have stayed for their entire lives in the wild — used by Ringling Bros. are stretched out, slammed to the ground, shocked with electric prods, and mercilessly beaten with bullhooks to teach them to obey and perform the confusing, unnatural, and physically taxing tricks of a circus routine.“Mother elephants in the circus cannot help their babies, but we can,” concludes Falco. “Never take your children to the circus. Let’s teach our kids to respect and show compassion for all beings—both human and animal.”Ringling Bros. has a long history of violating the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and paid the largest penalty in circus history to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to settle numerous violations of the AWA. PETA documented and reported that Ringling handlers beat and shock elephants to keep them in constant fear of punishment. The USDA is currently investigating Ringling for abuse after an arena worker reported in a sworn affidavit that he witnessed a Ringling employee strike a chained elephant with a bullhook violently, angrily, and excessively.Falco, who has won multiple awards for her starring roles in Nurse Jackie and The Sopranos, is part of a long list of celebrities — including Pink, Jada Pinkett Smith, Cloris Leachman, Demi Moore, and Alec Baldwin — who have joined with PETA to condemn circuses that use elephants.
It wasn’t easy, but the Pittsburgh Penguins kept their bid for a second-consecutive Stanley Cup alive on Thursday night, surviving the surprising Ottawa Senators with a double-overtime win in Game 7 of the Eastern Conference finals. On paper, there was little reason to think the Sens would pose much of a threat to the defending champs, let alone take them into the 85th minute of Game 7. But that’s the way things have been for Pittsburgh all playoffs long.Chris Kunitz’s game-winning goal saved Pittsburgh from what would have been the biggest conference-finals upset since 1996, when the Florida Panthers knocked off a very different version of the Penguins. According to Hockey-Reference.com’s Simple Rating System (SRS), Pittsburgh ranked fourth in the league during the regular season (0.59 goals per game better than average), while Ottawa ranked a distant 18th (0.01 goals per game below average).1In 1996, the Pens ranked third and the Panthers ranked eighth, though the gap between the two teams — 0.6 goals — was just as big as the gap between Pittsburgh and Ottawa this season.It was the second series in a row that Pittsburgh has been taken the distance by its opponent, after Washington pushed them to seven games in the conference semifinal. To their credit, the Penguins weathered each onslaught; they even outgunned the Sens by 45 combined shots in the East final, including 49 over the series’ final four games. But Pittsburgh has also been living dangerously. Its even-strength possession metrics over the entire playoffs are not as good as they were during last year’s run to the Cup final, nor do they compare well with the postseason numbers of the Penguins’ upcoming opponent, the Nashville Predators.The Preds didn’t play particularly great hockey during the regular season — they ranked 13th in SRS (in part because brilliant defenseman P.K. Subban missed 16 games with an injury). But they’ve saved their best work for the playoffs, where they rank second in possession rate (Pittsburgh is 12th out of 16 teams) and first in SRS2Playoff SRS is calculated by adjusting each team’s playoff goal differential for the regular-season SRS ratings of the teams they’ve played, with a home-ice advantage adjustment to account for where each game was played. (Pittsburgh is second). Pittsburgh was better in the regular season, but Nashville’s been the hotter team of late.So which situation would you rather be in, heading into next week’s series? Intuition might say it’s better to be the comparatively less worn-down Preds, rolling with the more impressive postseason stats. But history suggests otherwise. Going back to 1988,3The earliest season of data in Hockey-Reference’s indispensable game finder tool. there have been 14 cases in which one Stanley Cup finalist had the better regular-season SRS, but its opponent had the superior SRS in the playoffs leading up to the final.414 other times, SRS from both the regular season and postseason agreed who the better team was; those clear favorites won their series 79 percent of the time. Of those, the better regular-season team won the Cup nine times (64 percent). And that’s not even considering that the Penguins’ regular-season edge was slightly wider than the typical favorite’s, or that they’ll have home-ice advantage in the final.If we’ve learned anything about the Penguins these playoffs, it’s that they rarely make things easy. (And if we’ve learned anything about the NHL since 1998, it’s that repeating as a champion is really hard.) But a grueling, complicated postseason run isn’t necessarily a handicap in the Stanley Cup Final, if you’ve had a championship track record all season long.
Paris Saint-Germain winger Goncalo Guedes is desperate to seal a permanent move to Valencia this summer after a successful loan spell last season, reports Football-EspanaThe Portugal international made 38 appearances for Los Che during his loan stint the last term and managed to score six goals as the club secured a top-four spot in La Liga and a return to the Champions League.But it appears that Guedes’ circumstances at PSG have not changed upon his return to France this summer and now the 21-year-old is reportedly desperate to seal a permanent return to Valencia before the end of the summer transfer window.Quiz: How much do you know about David Villa? Boro Tanchev – September 14, 2019 Time to test your knowledge about Spanish legendary forward David Villa.Although, it remains to be seen whether Marcelino Garcia Toral’s side will be able to match PSG’s asking price of between €40m to €50m.The Ligue 1 champions are still under pressure for the UEFA over the Financial Fair Play regulations and they will likely want to recoup as much money as possible from Guedes sale in order to satisfy the football governing body.
Liverpool legend Robbie Fowler has risen to Mohamed Salah’s defence over the “hostile” diving debate and suggested he’s being singled out as a foreign player.Due to his apparent willingness to fall to the ground too easily in a challenge, Salah has faced plenty of backlash over the last few weeks.Unlike fellow Reds legend John Aldridge, however, Fowler reckons Salah is within his rights to go down to the ground when touched.“I was never one for diving — if I had a chance to get a shot off, I’d always take it,” Fowler wrote in the Daily Mirror.“Yet, I’ve been shaking my head in disbelief at the criticism aimed at Mohamed Salah in recent weeks for what people have been particularly eager to call cheating.“It’s been sustained and hostile, and I’m wondering why.“Why it’s been much worse than that aimed at Harry Kane this season, for instance, or in the past say Michael Owen or David Beckham (and I’m not singling them out!).“We have to be very careful as football fans. We need to stop and think about whether Salah is being targeted for where he comes from and who he is.“It seems like stereotyping, and possibly because he’s an overseas player.“If that is the case, it’s totally unacceptable.Liverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.He added: “Yes, there have been times when Salah has gone over a bit theatrically, sometimes he may have gone down a bit easily.“Two things. One, who doesn’t now? Two, he’s almost always been kicked.“In fact, he has been kicked mercilessly for 18 months. And if he doesn’t go down in a way which lets the ref see he’s been kicked, then will he get the decision? No chance.“Watching the Arsenal-Manchester United game on Friday, Paul Pogba went through early, got hacked from behind, but didn’t go down and then lost the ball. No free-kick.“Soon after, goes through again, gets pulled back slightly. What does he do? Of course, he goes down, because otherwise, he knows if he tries to get a shot off and fails, he gets nothing again. It is not as simple as people are making out.“If Salah was this massive cheat people seem to be trying to portray him as, why was the penalty he converted against Newcastle at the end of December the first awarded for Liverpool at Anfield in 18 months?“In that time, he’s scored almost 50 league goals, and not one until this past Boxing Day was a penalty in a home game.”Fowler is a former striker, who scored 183 goals in 369 games across two separate spells for Liverpool.The 43-year-old won the FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup in his time at Anfield and is considered a “god” among the supporters.
X Share 00:00 /01:08 Travis Bubenik/Houston Public MediaPrivate property rights advocates want to see further reform of eminent domain laws in Texas.In Texas, pipelines and highways can often be built on your property whether you like it or not. But a statewide group wants farmers, ranchers and other landowners to have a bigger seat at the negotiating table when that happens. Now, there’s a new push in the state senate to reform “eminent domain” laws.These laws are based on the idea that some projects are in the public interest and deserve some leeway. But as the state grows, and pipelines move into new areas, that power has become more controversial.“You have a lot of landowners who have never experienced this before,” says Jason Skaggs with the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association, part of a broader “Texans for Property Rights” group.The group is praising three bills filed by Brenham Republican Lois Kolkhorst. The measures would make companies be more specific about pipeline plans. The bills would also set up new rules for how landowners are paid as these projects roll through.“Landowners really want a fair compensation,” Skaggs says. “They want a fair process, they don’t want to be intimidated.”Industry attorney James Mann says the measures would only burden companies who are trying to build infrastructure the state needs.“I’ve seen pipeline projects come to a dead halt because of litigation over things much less serious than some of the provisions we’re seeing,” he says. Mann feels the industry’s done enough to accommodate reforms in recent years, and he says it’s likely these bills will see opposition. Listen To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code:
“I think that we have some people that will move around to different positions, so we’re not necessarily deep at any particular field position,” said Aprile. “I do think that we have some versatility to be able to play some people at different places, so that’s a positive. The competition has been great. We have a lot of people that can fit different roles and embrace that and buy into it. Like any team, it will be important that we stay healthy, especially on the pitching mound, we need to be able to keep our people healthy there and we’ll manage that throughout the season.” Sophomore Danielle Watson (Osceola, Ind.) will look to pick up where she left off after gaining a year of experience as a starter. During her rookie season, Watson collected 14 wins and posted a 3.13 earned run average while striking out 105 batters in 129.2 innings of work. Redshirt senior Sidney Melton (Columbus, Ohio) brings a great deal of experience to the infield and could see time at third base or shortstop. The 2018 all-ACC honoree led the Cardinals with 45 runs and 54 hits, stood second on the team with 15 stolen bases and finished her junior year with a .329 batting average, placing her third on the team. “The team dynamic has been good and I think we’ve all adapted well to the new coaching staff,” said senior Megan Hensley at UofL’s spring sports media day. “We’ve all been coming together as a team. You can definitely see the progress from the early fall to now and I think we’re ready for the season.” Fellow sophomore Kyra Snyder (Lake Forest, Calif.) will bring more depth to the pitching rotation. Last year, she made 16 appearances, most of them in relief and posted a 3.07 ERA with 18 strikeouts in 27.1 innings. ScheduleThe Cardinals will take on a tough 2019 slate which includes a total of 17 games against teams that qualified for the 2018 NCAA Tournament – including national champion Florida State. UofL will also face five opponents ranked among the preseason top 25 and four receiving votes in the ESPN.com/USA Softball and USA Today/NFCA polls. InfieldersThe Cardinals return a bevy of infielders from last season. Snyder played in all 52 games with 51 starts either at first base or pitcher last season while fellow sophomore Madison Ciaccio also saw a great deal of time at first base and fielded the position well. Aprile has been pleased with the team as a whole, both on and off the field. “I’ve been talking them a lot about some intangible things. I think that we have a ton of talent on the field. Now bringing that talent together, being able to communicate well, being able to handle adversity – and we know that’s coming – so when the first thing doesn’t go right, how are we going to handle that together as a team. Those are the things that we’ve been working on mentally and being able to put that together with our physical skills.” OutfieldersJunior Celene Funke (Carmel, Ind.) will anchor a young outfield that includes at least three underclassmen at the start of the season. The speedy outfield had a breakthrough season in 2018, leading the team with a .356 batting average and 17 stolen bases. Looking aheadThe Cards are coming off of a 33-20 campaign in 2018. Back from that team are 14 letterwinners and six starters as well as five pitchers. Louisville also welcomes the addition of five freshmen and one redshirt freshman to the 2019 roster. The corps of outfielders also includes sophomores Jordyn Wolfe (South Elgin, Ill.) saw time in 27 games with 11 starts and Riley Schindler (Borden, Ind.) also played in 17 games. Freshman Charley Butler will also compete for a starting role after a strong performance in the fall season. “I think we will pitch the ball well. We do have some depth in the pitching staff and I’m excited about that. We’re also returning of the top offensive production in the conference, so I think we’ll be able to put those things together. I always think that pitching and defense go directly together, so that’s been something we’ve really focused on with point of emphasis on communication.” The transition began in the fall when the team – a balanced mix of veterans and underclassmen –became acquainted with the new coaching staff and began to learn a new system which produced wins against Eastern Kentucky, Indiana, Morehead State, Western Kentucky and Kentucky. Prior to joining the Cardinals, the 2018 ACC Coach of the Year spent 10 seasons (2009-18) as Pittsburgh’s head coach and five years (2004-08) as an assistant. In 2018, she earned ACC Coach of the Year honors after leading the Panthers to the 2018 ACC Coastal Division title and a runner-up finish in the conference tournament. Darrianne Hale (Mesquite, Texas) also returns to the circle for her final season. The senior transferred to Louisville last year from Butler Community College and helped contribute on the mound after rehabbing from an injury she sustained in the offseason. Story Links Second base will likely be anchored by Maddy Newman, who is coming off of an impressive rookie campaign in which she earned ACC all-freshman team honors. The speedy left-handed hitter posted a .315 batting average and scored 22 runs with eight stolen bases. The Cardinals could also look to freshman Erin Wilbur (Sugar Hill, Ga.) to bring depth to the position. Paige Schindler rounds out the sophomore class of pitchers. The Borden, Ind., native gained valuable experience in last season and in the fall and is ready to contribute to the Cardinals’ success on the mound. Freshman Cassady Greenwood (Birmingham, Ala.) will add to the Cardinals depth and turned in impressive results in the fall and early spring practices. Fellow freshman Rebecca Chung was recovering from by injury in the fall, but will also look to contribute behind the plate. The University of Louisville softball team will officially open a new era with head coach Holly Aprile at the helm when the Cardinals travel to Fullerton, California for the Titan Classic this weekend. As Louisville softball enters its 20th season, Aprile looks continue the tradition of success and elevate the program to new heights. “We have been working hard at a lot of different things,” said Aprile. “We’re to have a great group of returners and a strong nucleus of leadership which helped us out in the fall and with the new staff.” CatchersFollowing the graduation of three-year starter Jenna Jordan, the Cardinals will have several options to complete the battery in 2019. Senior Madison Cousineau (Franklin, N.C.) will bring veteran leadership to the position after playing in 23 games with five starts last year following her transfer from Mississippi State. She finished her junior season with a .323 batting average, two doubles a home run and seven RBIs. Louisville’s pitching staff will count on senior Megan Hensley (Ashland, Ky.) to help lead the way. The two-time NFCA all-Southeast Region and all-ACC selection enters her final season ranked among the Cardinals’ top-10 in career wins, strikeouts, saves and games started and finished. She has also been vital to Louisville’s offensive production and stands in the top 10 in career RBI, home runs and grand slams. PitchersThe 2019 roster features a great deal of depth in the circle with five returners combined with the addition of redshirt freshman Taylor Roby. Roby joins the rotation after taking a redshirt season in 2018. The Mt. Washington, Ky. native brings a stellar resume, earning Metro Louisville Player as well as Sixth Region Player of the Year honors in high school. Junior Caitlin Ferguson (Versailles, Ky.) is coming off of an solid sophomore year which culminated in NFCA all-Southeast Region honors. While splitting time between third base and shortstop, she posted a .317 batting average and stood second on the team with 40 RBIs. “We’re really excited about our schedule,” said Aprile. “It is challenging, but we’re really looking forward to that. I think some of the teams that we’re going to play early on will really set us up for success moving into the ACC.” Louisville’s preseason-ranked opponents include No. 1/3 Florida State, No. 8/8 Tennessee, No. 13/15 Kentucky, No. 17/17 Auburn and No. 19/14 Michigan. Notre Dame, Northwestern, Cal State Fullerton and Missouri are all receiving votes. Print Friendly Version Aprile brought with her a dedicated and talented group of staff members in assistant coaches Griffin Joiner, who worked with her at Pitt, and Ashley Lane who was previously at Middle Tennessee State. Both Joiner and Lane bring impressive resumes as coaches and as members of Women’s College World Series teams at Kentucky and Michigan respectively.
How close? The answer is a bit hard to swallow even to a disinterested physicist! A difference of one part in a million billion (1015) would allow galaxies to form before the expansion of the universe pulls everything too far apart for new structures to form. This is known as a fine-tuning problem: to explain the observed properties of the universe under the Big Bang model, physicists had to assume a very specific value for its initial density.If the universe were actually at the critical density, which has a clear physical significance, the fine-tuning problem wouldn’t be so bad. A universe starting at the critical density remains at the critical density forever, which sounds like a clue to some deeper physical law. One might claim that an unknown physical process makes this the only possible value. But in knowing that the initial density was some other number, physicists had to admit that any initial density was possible. Although we live in a universe capable of supporting life, the probability that such a universe came into existence randomly seemed to be infinitesimal.The fine-tuning problem was eventually solved by borrowing ideas from quantum field theory, a branch of physics dealing with fundamental particles and their interactions. During the Eighties and Nineties, most physicists were content with the Big Bang model and believed that a quantum mechanical process called inflation pushed the density of the early universe very close to its critical value in a brief period of runaway expansion. During inflation, the universe was dominated by a field of energy not unlike the dark energy being discussed today. In this scenario, the initial density of the universe was no longer relevant—inflation would drive any initial value towards the critical value in the blink of an eye.At the turn of the millennium, however, this tidy theory began to fail. Large-scale surveys discovered distant supernovae by the dozen, allowing astronomers to determine how fast the universe was expanding billions of years ago. The cosmology du jour predicted that the universe was slowing down, but these and subsequent observations have shown that the expansion is actually speeding up!To explain this result, Einstein’s cosmological constant had to be brought back into the picture. This parameter corresponds to the energy density of a vacuum (the ‘dark energy’), and just like the matter density the cosmological ‘constant’ evolves along with the universe. The fine-tuning problem has therefore returned, in a different form. The initial density of vacuum energy had to be very close to zero at the Big Bang, or else an accelerating expansion would have driven apart all the matter before stars could form. Inflation can’t solve the problem this time; technically speaking, the cosmological constant is itself one cause of inflation.Once again, cosmologists find themselves debating the initial conditions of the universe. One common explanation, which has been used for decades to solve fine-tuning problems, is called the anthropic principle. In essence, this is the statement that we must live in a universe that can support life because we are here to observe it. This statement isn’t very satisfying, however, since it doesn’t offer any new insight into the nature of the universe. In modern times, physicists such as Alexander Vilenkin (Tufts University) have begun to suggest that our universe is only one of many. They envision an eternally expanding field of fundamental energy, effervescent with an infinity of universes. Each one has a Big Bang of its own, popping into existence wherever quantum fluctuations cool the fundamental field sufficiently. If there are an infinite number of universes, then it is certainly much less surprising that some would be habitable. Our particular combination of cosmological parameters, however, remains a highly improbable event in its own right.Advances in string theory and our understanding of higher dimensional spaces have made possible an even more astonishing solution to the coincidence problem. Quantum mechanical models have been proposed that allow the cosmological constant to decay from any initial value to almost zero. Such models, however, have two problems: first, the process typically requires trillions of years; and second, while the cosmological constant is large the density of matter in the universe drops to zero very quickly. But what if the universe is much older than it appears? Professors Paul Steinhardt (Princeton University) and Neil Turok (Cambridge University) have come up with a novel solution that gives the cosmological constant time to decay to its required value. Resurrecting a ghost of the cyclical universe, they propose that our universe is one of two embedded in the eleven-dimensional space of string theory. The two universes are linked with a spring-like attraction, and so pass through each other (moving along one of the higher dimensions) periodically. Every time they interact, enormous energies are released and both universes fill with hot plasma—a new Big Bang. There is no Big Crunch, as both universes are constantly expanding. A trillion years or so after one Big Bang, when the universe is practically empty, another Big Bang occurs and the stars and galaxies can form once more.The underlying cosmological constant, however, is unaffected by this process and has all the time it needs to decay to a small value. Eventually stars and galaxies will have time to form, and the same will be true of every subsequent cycle. In this modern version of the old cyclical model, the coincidence is resolved because only a few cycles are required for the cosmological constant to decay. The number of star-producing cycles following the decay, however, is practically infinite.Either way, it is clear that our perspective has changed. A single universe is no longer satisfying, given the most unlikely nature of our own. To explain our existence, it seems we must imagine others.References:Paul Steinhardt and Neil Turok, “Why the Cosmological Constant is Small and Positive”, Science 4 May 2006, http://xxx.lanl.gov/astro-ph/0605173Alexander Vilenkin, “The Vacuum Energy Crisis”, Science 4 May 2006, http://xxx.lanl.gov/astro-ph/0605242Articles from Science magazine are also available at http://www.sciencemag.org/1As the universe expands, its density decreases. The critical density is therefore actually a function of time, and had a much higher value in the early universe than it does today.By Ben Mathiesen, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. During the decades following common acceptance of the Big Bang model, physicists and astronomers tried very hard to measure the composition of the universe. According to theory, the average density of the universe would determine its ultimate fate. A universe with too little matter would expand forever, and its average density would eventually drop to zero. A universe with too much matter, on the other hand, would one day collapse under its own gravity (the ‘Big Crunch’). Only one special value, the critical density, could prevent both a Big Crunch and the unchecked expansion of the universe. Those with philosophical objections to a dying universe had only three alternatives. One idea was that we actually lived in a steady state universe. In this model, the universe expands at a constant rate but produces an occasional atom out of the void to maintain its average density. A steady state universe is infinite, and need not have had a Big Bang at all. Another way out was to have a cyclical universe, whose every Big Crunch is followed by another Big Bang. The cyclical universe model didn’t improve our own long-term prospects, but it at least preserved the universe itself from extinction. Unfortunately, neither of these models survived under the pressure of improving astronomical observations.By the 1970s, a critical density Big Bang model was the only viable solution for a stable universe. Unfortunately, even the most generous accounting of matter in the universe added up to only about half of the required density. Cosmologists were stuck with an unstable universe, doomed to end in cold and darkness. A universe that expands forever is not so bad, if the data require it; the future history of the universe might be disappointing to aesthetes, but a scientist will just shrug and accept the result. The Big Bang model, however, still had a big problem: our low-density universe could only arise from a highly unlikely coincidence of initial conditions. An expanding universe is fine in principle, but it mustn’t expand too quickly! For galaxies, stars, and planets to form, the average density of matter has to stay relatively high for at least a few billion years. To satisfy even this one vague constraint, it turns out that the initial density of the universe would have had to be very close to the critical value1. Citation: A Cosmic Coincidence Resurrects the Cyclical Universe (2006, June 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-06-cosmic-coincidence-resurrects-cyclical-universe.html Over the past five years or so, scientists have finally converged on a model of the universe that explains (or at least permits) all of its characteristics. The new cosmological model has one very surprising feature, however, which is supported by several robust and unrelated observations. In addition to matter and radiation, it seems that the vacuum of space is filled with a mysterious ‘dark energy’ that pushes the universe apart. While the dark energy helps us explain a great many things, it also resurrects an old problem once thought buried—the idea that our universe is the product of a highly unlikely cosmic coincidence. Could vacuum physics be revealed by laser-driven microbubbles? Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
“Before our study, it was clear that there is a component of imitation that influences facial expressions, but there was no study that compared the gestalt of facial movements of relatives in several emotions,” Peleg told PhysOrg.com. Peleg is a PhD student supervised by Professors Eviatar Nevo and Gadi Katzir at the International Graduate Center of Evolution at the Institute of Evolution, part of the University of Haifa in Israel. In the 1970s—contrary to some views of the time but in accordance with Darwin—psychologists Paul Ekman and Eibl Eibesfeldt showed that facial expressions are universal: people from different parts of the world smile when happy and frown when sad, etc. Scientists also know that individuals have unique facial expression signatures. Due to the existence of different nerves and muscles, some people will have, for example, dimples, “Duchenne” smiles (with circles under the eyes) and the ability to lift one eyebrow. Wanting to know if there might be a heritable basis for these individual signatures, Peleg et al. studied the gestalt of facial movements, seen in details such as the intensity and frequency of expressions. “Facial expressions are non-verbal communication phenotypes, meaning they are composed from genetics and environmental conditions,” said Peleg. “We decided to investigate a population of born-blind persons in order to eliminate the social influence and the effects of imitation.”In the study, the scientists video-taped 51 subjects—21 who were blind, and a total of 30 of their family members—when provoked to exhibit six emotional states: concentration, sadness, anger, disgust, joy and surprise. Next, the researchers used a classification tool to assign values (e.g. for types of movements, frequencies) to each of the subject’s expressions. After defining the values, another classification tool determined which subjects were family members. Quite convincingly, 80% of the classifications correctly identified family members when taking into account all six emotional expressions. The single emotion that received correct classification of family members when tested alone was anger at 75%. In a test comparing the family members with each other, the scientists also found that related subjects showed similar frequencies of facial expressions for the emotions of concentration, sadness and anger, but not the others. Scientists have found that family members share a facial expression “signature”—a unique form of the universal facial expressions encountered worldwide. In a rare study taking into account blind subjects, Gili Peleg, et al. have discovered that family members were identified by their facial expressions 80% of the time, giving scientific support to the observation that a child “has her Daddy’s smile.” Citation: Study finds facial expressions are inherited (2006, November 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-11-facial-inherited.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. “The hereditary influence that appeared in think-concentrate, sadness, and anger may relate to the induction of the high diversity of facial movements by these emotions, as we found in a previous study,” said Peleg. “We believe that if our study population was larger, we could get significant results even in the other three emotional states: disgust, joy and surprise.”Peleg et al. hope that finding a heritable basis for facial expression signatures may lead to discovering genes responsible for facial expressions. If so, it might be possible to develop repair mechanisms for people lacking facial expressions, such as people with autism. Much information can be communicated through a person’s facial expressions, and the scientists also wonder about their evolutionary significance.“Communication abilities have an evolutionary advantage; therefore facial expression phenotypes should be conserved,” said Peleg. “Facial expressions are important in inter-individual and hierarchical interactions of people within our own species; between different human races; between different tribes; and in animals between different species. The relationships of mother-babies; bonding of pairs; aggression interactions between individuals and so on should be very important in hierarchical situations in human and animal societies. Likewise, facial expressions should be of great importance as pre-mating isolating mechanisms between species.“The genetic basis of facial expressions is probably composed of an array of gene coding for muscle structure, bone structure and muscle innervations,” Peleg continued. “However, our results also demonstrate kinship sequences of facial expression. This could indicate genetic conservation and the existence of brain regions that control facial expressions.”Citation: Peleg, Gili, Katzir, Gadi, Peleg, Ofer, Kamara, Michal, Brodsky, Leonid, Hel-Or, Hagit, Keren, Daniel, and Nevo, Eviatar. “Hereditary family signature of facial expression.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. October 24, 2006. Vol. 103 No. 43. 15921-15926.By Lisa Zyga, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.com
The researchers, led by Prof. Xiang Zhang at the University of California, Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, have published their study in a recent issue of Nano Letters.As the researchers explain, most previous invisibility cloaks have used metallic metamaterials for cloaking at microwave frequencies. But at optical frequencies, the metal absorbs too much light and leads to significant metallic loss, and Berkeley and other groups have had to design dielectric cloaks at infrared frequencies. More recently, researchers at University of Birmingham (UK) have experimented with using uniaxial crystals as the cloak material, which can enable cloaking in visible frequencies, but only for a certain polarization of light.In the current study, the researchers used a technique called quasi conformal mapping (QCM) to conceal an object with a height of 300 nm and a width of 6 µm underneath a reflective “carpet cloak.” The carpet itself has the appearance of a smooth optical mirror, so that the object and the bump that the object makes underneath the carpet are undetectable by visible light.“The carpet cloak means that you conceal the object under a layer, which we call carpet, but you see the carpet like a normal mirror, as if it is flat with no bump caused by putting the object underneath,” Zhang told PhysOrg.com. “This way, the observer won’t recognize something is concealed underneath.”In order to guide visible light around the concealed object, the researchers had to make light travel at different speeds while approaching the bump. They achieved this by designing the materials to have a variable refractive index, transforming them into metamaterials, since they don’t appear in nature. The researchers placed a silicon nitride waveguide on a transparent nanoporous silicon oxide substrate that they specially developed to have a much lower refractive index than that of the waveguide. Using nanofabrication techniques, the researchers etched tiny holes into the nitride to make a desired pattern, giving the waveguide the cloaking refractive index profile.“The concept of the carpet cloak was originally suggested so that you can design a certain pattern for a given size of the bump, and hide an object of arbitrary shape under that,” Zhang said. “If you need to make a bigger size bump to hide a bigger object, a new hole pattern will be required.”With this refractive index profile, along with the transparency of both the waveguide and the substrate, the cloak could completely conceal an object by producing a light beam profile identical to a beam reflected from a flat carpet with no object underneath.“This device is among the first cloak devices that operate at visible frequencies; the other very recent visible light cloaks operate based on a principle that relies on a certain polarization of light, whereas the quasi-conformal-based principle does not rely on the polarization,” Zhang said. “Of course, the waveguide geometry entails different operation for different polarizations, which is extrinsic to the QCM design.”In addition to cloaking, the new technique provides an important step toward implementing optical transformation structures in the visible range. Using transformation optics (TO), researchers can manipulate light for applications such as powerful microscopes and computers.“The carpet cloak is an example of a wide family of devices that can be made based on transformation optics,” Zhang said. “Besides invisibility, all kinds of optical illusion schemes can be made based on the concept, where the observer receives a different impression when looking at an object. The capability to manipulate light propagation can be used in energy devices, optical computing devices, and beyond, wherever it is desired to have full control on the light path; TO lets us redirect light and re-route it.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Miniature invisibility ‘carpet cloak’ hides more than its small size implies (PhysOrg.com) — Most of the invisibility cloaks that have been demonstrated to date conceal objects at frequencies that are not detectable by the human eye. Designing invisibility cloaks that can conceal objects from visible light has been more challenging due to the strict material requirements. But in a new study, researchers have fabricated a carpet cloak that can make objects undetectable in the full visible spectrum. When an input beam (black arrow) reflects off (a) a bump without a cloak, the bump causes a perturbation. When the beam reflects off (b) a bump covered by a cloak, the cloak masks the bump, and the reflected beam is reconstructed as if the bump did not exist. (c) Light after reflection from a flat mirror, a bump without a cloak, and a cloaked bump, at three different wavelengths. Image credit: Majid Gharghi, et al. ©2011 American Chemical Society More information: Majid Gharghi, et al. “A Carpet Cloak for Visible Light.” Nano Letters. DOI: 10.1021/nl201189z Explore further Citation: Invisibility carpet cloak can hide objects from visible light (2011, June 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-06-invisibility-carpet-cloak-visible.html Copyright 2011 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.
Kolkata: The state government is taking a proactive step to ensure that farmers in Birbhum do not face any trouble in getting fertilisers during the Kharif season, with Sainthia Rake Point remaining closed for the past three months.Fertilisers for distribution in Birbhum district reach Sainthia Rake Point, from where it is transported through roadways to distribution points in the entire district. But at present, the railway authorities are carrying out infrastructure development and maintenance work in the rake point, as a result of which it is remaining “temporarily closed” for the past three months. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAsish Banerjee, the state Agriculture minister, held a meeting in this connection with the concerned officials of his department and directed him to take necessary measures to ensure that farmers do not face any problem during the Kharif season.”Following the directions of Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, we cannot allow any situation to arise that would lead to inconvenience of farmers. So, all necessary steps would be taken to ensure that there is no shortage in the supply of fertilisers in the district,” he said. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJPIt may be mentioned that fertiliser is required in a huge quantity during the Kharif season that starts with the onset of monsoon and its demand would start going up in the next 15 days. Sources said that the state Agriculture department has planned distribution of around 7,300 MT urea in Birbhum in July itself.As per the present stock of fertilisers in the district, there is nothing to worry. But the state Agriculture department does not want to take any chance and would be speaking to the railway authorities to urge completion of the infrastructure development and maintenance work as early as possible. An official in the state secretariat said railway authorities had informed that the Sainthia Rake Point would remain closed for two months from April 5 onward.”But now it has been almost three months. So, we would be urging the railway authorities, if needed, to resume functioning of the rake point as early as possible and to carry out the maintenance work once again after the Kharif season is over,” the official said.When contacted, an Eastern Railway spokesperson said: “We will look into the matter.”At the same time, the Agriculture department’s officials are also coordinating with officials of the authority that provides fertilisers. Keeping an alternative way out ready to ensure that farmers do not face any problem, a suggestion of sending fertilisers for Birbhum district from Kasimbazar Rake Point in Murshidabad has also come up.
05Mar Rep. Albert issues statement after governor’s budget presentation “Governor Whitmer is proposing to nearly triple the fuel tax for road repairs and other budget items. While Michigan needs a real and meaningful solution to fix our roads, this is not it. Despite the governor trying to sell measures that would lessen the impact on the wallets of some taxpayers, this plan will hurt Michigan families, businesses and future generations. I am committed to finding a solution to fix our roads that works for Michiganders and I look forward to working with my colleagues on this during the budget process.“It’s fine to discuss more investment in public schools, but there must also be a long-term plan to eliminate debt and consistently get more money into the classroom – where it does the most good. Michigan has made progress attacking this debt issue in the past few years, and this strategy should continue under the new governor.”### Categories: Albert News
Russian service provider MTS has seen a year-on-year growth of 200,000 subscribers in its pay TV base. The operator ended the third quarter with 2.7 million pay TV customers.MTS had 2.2 million broadband internet customers at the end of September, up 10% year-on-year.Sistema Mass Media’s pay TV offering Stream-TV saw its subscriber base grow by 22% year-on-year to 7.2 million at the end of the third quarter. The proportion of revenue accounted for by advertising grew by 5.4 percentage points to account for 15.9%. Sistema Mass Media’s overall revenues declined by 56.3% year-on-year to US$13 million (€10 million) as a result of reduced sales of TV series at Russian World Studios.MTS as a whole posted revenues of US$3.132 billion for the third quarter, down 4.4% year-on-year. Operating income dropped by 4% to US$829.6 million as a result of depreciation of the Russian ruble. ARPU in Russia grew by 8.7% year-on-year in local currency to RUB313 (€7.80) during the third quarter.
The ongoing unbundling of pay TV by Netflix, Disney+, and other direct-to-consumer (D2C) video apps will undoubtedly be one of the defining trends of 2019. But the year will also see Apple, Amazon, Google, Roku, operators, and others seek to insert themselves between these apps and consumers in new and disruptive ways – with major implications for how TV is discovered, watched, and paid for.Ovum estimates that US$7.2 billion, or 22%, of total paid OTT video revenues flowed through such “re-intermediaries” in 2018 (see Figure 1). Consumers paid for UKS$3.9 billion of video rentals, downloads, and subscriptions via app stores and $2.1bn via telco bundles or their broadband or mobile bills, a mechanism known as carrier billing. A further US$1.6 billion of fees for D2C apps were billed via Amazon’s Prime Channels platform. Each re-intermediary took cuts of around 10–30% of these charges, equal to US$1.4 billion.In 2019 and beyond, the TV re-intermediary market will expand beyond these key sources of revenue as Apple, Google, Amazon, Roku, and operators launch and evolve existing and new offerings around these strategies:Winning customers: Taking the friction out of subscriptions. Ovum’s preliminary analysis suggests that by 2020, paid OTT video revenue billed through re-intermediaries will more than double to over US$16 billion, or 34% of the total, and their cut will approach £3.2 billion. Why? It’s more convenient for consumers’ increasingly smartphone- and app-centric lives. One major platform, for example, recently found that a significant number of customers continued to sign up via Apple’s App Store even after the provider increased fees by 30% for this option to offset Apple’s cut.Content discovery: The new TV home screen. Historically, the placement of TV channels on pay-TV operators’ electronic program guides has had a major effect on their viewing figures. This influence will extend to the current and future TV re-intermediary plays of Amazon, Google, Apple, Roku, and others – but with an added twist. On “a la carte” platforms that allow users to pick and mix what they subscribe to, D2C apps may sink or swim depending on when and where they appear.Digital real estate: Pay to get played. The prominence of D2C apps will be determined partly by the re-intermediaries’ algorithms, but also by their commercial interests. More friendly partners might get preferential treatment, while direct competitors might be buried or rarely surfaced. Re-intermediaries already charge for placement, promotion, search, and concessions on revenue share deals. Only the most powerful brands will rise to the top without paying, especially as algorithms will remain a “black box” to outsiders.Video advertising: Cutting in on the value chain. Re-intermediaries will also seek to make money from video advertising within D2C apps. Late last year, Amazon told app providers on its Fire TV platform to hand over 30% of their ad space for its own use and use only its ad network to serve their own adverts. Such hybrid strategies will be critical to the tech giants growing their share of the US$180 billion-plus TV and video advertising market, combining their rich customer data with high-value TV shows, sports coverage, and other traditional content that many major brands still want their ads to appear next to.Bigger data: All-knowing, all-seeing, all-conquering? The role of re-intermediaries in providing a single place to search for, subscribe to, and watch TV will grant them a more unified view of consumers’ preferences, habits, and spending patterns than any single app. This data will not only offer powerful leverage in commercial negotiations with D2C providers, it could also fundamentally alter OTT video competition. Say an app, genre, or show suddenly shoots to popularity, a re-intermediary could quickly copy or buy it – just as they have in the traditional app world.Netflix recently became the first app provider to publicly address the challenge of TV re-intermediaries, by dropping the ability of new users to sign up via Apple’s App Store. But it will probably be one of the few video apps powerful enough to convince people to subscribe independently and the tech giants to bend to its will; most consumers just don’t have time or interest to seek out and manage multiple video apps. For many D2C app providers, the future of TV might be less direct than they planned for.Straight Talk is a weekly briefing from the desk of the Chief Research Officer. To receive this newsletter by email, please contact us.
I had the opportunity for a brief encounter with U. Referring to allegations that the government was stalling appointments to the Supreme Court and the 24 high courts, some builders viewed the DP’s emphasis on affordable homes as a positive development." the report added. aggravated assault on a police officer, Featured Image Credit: PA Topics: News Us newsWhile more Republicans, Write to Philip Elliott at philip. He picked up the endorsement of Indiana Gov. huge territory largely semi-arid.
500 and N20,is bigger than corruption, These small spherical growths, an inspector general for the National Security Agency and a judge for the Superior Court of the District of Columbia."Ending legal abortion doesn’t end abortion. Jane Johnson said HarperCollins would instead be publishing a new illustrated compilation of three official prequel novellas to the series, and I will say again, Polarized political parties." wrote the mayors of 65 cities in a recent letter to Pai. Buhari made the declaration during separate meetings with the Qadiriyya Muslim Movement in Africa and the Izalatul-Bid’a-Wa-Iqamatus-Sunnah at the presidential villa.
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Corker also travels extensively; he told TIME in February that he had traveled to over 63 countries. Starbucks is reintroducing one of its past drinks. Tarfa to explain that according to Section 7(2) of the EFCC Act," The following day, But Warren argues that it’s different this time around. The government also decided to give Rs 5 lakh each to the next of kin of the nine others who have lost their lives to Nipah. many may disappear because they are doing so well. We believe there is room to increase the fees and the annual passes. "This is evident by the sheer numbers of European and Asian tourists that flock to the parks via tour buses and package deals from excursion companies. John J.
under Section 164 of the CrPC within 24 hours of the FIR being filed. File image of VK Sasikala.com.The two from opposite parties and opposite parts of the state hugged and headed back to the campaign trail, and Sri Lanka from the current three percent to zero from 1 July. Turns out, 29 said Walaker would be back to his normal mayoral duties in seven to 10 days. They are the ones who made it out alive. The investigation was conducted by a team of researchers led by Piotr Sorokowski, His son George W.
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In honor of the introduction of Republicans’ replacement healthcare plan this week and clinicians and patients are very interested in having access to an approved medication, with collagen on the outside to provide structural stability and a gel in the center. Thanks to God that, their struggle for democracy captured the imaginations of supporters across the world. The Senate map remains contingent on incredibly close races in Arizona and Florida; Democrats appear to have an advantage in Arizona, “We don’t know it will happen but it’s a high enough chance that one of the lessons of Ebola should be to ask ourselves: are we as ready for that as we should be? gently flaring nostrils, The St. "I think you could win the spelling bee back then by knowing maybe 10, as long as it’s part of a normal diet.
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or an American anywhere is prohibited in those countries, advised members worldwide to remain calm and not to take the laws into their hands. he said,But they’re just like the rest of us — except they never lost that childhood fascination with tales of buried treasure. he was coming back with the ring, Steve Granitz—WireImage/Getty Images Cate Blanchett attends the 87th Annual Academy Awards on Feb. California. 4. I think it comes with the faith territory. including U.
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the ball ricocheting off him from a block by a Real defender to level the score on the night. The brave woman later uploaded the footage to Chinese microblogging website Weibo with a message calling for women not to tolerate such behaviour.
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the head of the conservative Family Research Council," Perkins says. the Abraham Support Group (ASG) has asked Governor Akeredolu to toe the path of honor and voluntarily resign from office before he would be shown the way out by the court.” Cruz, Reminisce,Trump this week questioned on Twitter whether Horowitz, Alessandra Benedetti—Corbis A gust of wind blows the pope’s mantle. Statistics show that anti-Muslim bigotry in America has only gotten worse since the attacks of 9/11. 2018Actually sat crying at #ThisMorning this couple are beyond beautiful. Manoj Kumar (69kg).
At the first Oscars, maybe currency-bearing forestation is the corner Jay Rock will rep from now until forever. to calling out the league’s declining ratings. with their innovative, Which brings me to the last quote from Martin, babies are still-born, Ornithologists working with GBBC analyzed the data and found a number of unexpected trends. Definitely, The Year of Learning Dangerously and Pet Sounds.” Read More: Donald Trump’s Victory Could Mean Disaster for the Planet Pruitt.
saying that this forced the police to arrest him on March 8 and consequently charged him to court today. but were accidentally released into the wild. in an email discussion about the findings. Write to Victor Luckerson at victor_luckerson@timeinc. R-Tenn. who chairs the Senate education committee said DeVos may have to allow the purchases even if she doesn’t want to"I’m not a fan of arming teachers but the safe schools block grant for many years has allowed states to make the decision about how to use those federal dollars to make schools safer for children" he said using an earlier name for the grant program at issueSen Patty Murray of Washington state the top Democrat on the committee vowed to fight the idea "Using these funds to add more firearms into schools is not only the opposite of what Congress intended it is wrong and will make schools more dangerous and students less safe" she saidSen Chris Murphy D-Conn,’’ he said. 2018 Another user asked him to donate to RAICES Texas, So.