Lawyers from the Indian Association of People’s Lawyers have expressed their concern over the arrest of advocate Surendra Gadling from his house in Nagpur, alleging an attack on lawyers who are fighting cases of marginalised people.Mr. Gadling has been arrested in relation with the violence at Bhima Koregaon near Pune when Dalits congregated to celebrate the British victory over Peshwas with the help of Mahar soldiers.Addressing the media here on Thursday, IAPL vice-president Sudha Bharadwaj said that the sudden arrest was part of a pattern where “people’s lawyers” are being targeted, in violation of the widely-held norm that “being a lawyer of a political prisoner is not a crime”.A release by the IAPL said that this is part of a larger pattern: advocates Upendra Nayak of Odisha, Murugan of Tamil Nadu and Satyendra Chaubey of Chhattisgarh “have all been implicated in the cases of their own clients, which is absolutely unacceptable as per United Nations principles on the role of lawyers”.“In the morning of June 6, 2018, the Pune Police arrested senior advocate Surendra Gadling from his house in Nagpur at 6 a.m. The arrest has been made in connection with an FIR registered on January 8, 2018 at Vishrambaug PS in Pune. The FIR originally alleged inciting communal harmony at the Elgar Parishad program organised on December 31, 2018 to commemorate 200 years of the victory of Mahar soldiers over the Peshwa in the Bhima Koregaon battle,” the release said. “In March 2018, the case was converted into a criminal conspiracy. On April 17, 2018, though the FIR did not originally name advocate Gadling, the police raided his house and office and confiscated all possible CDs, hard disks, computer systems – including the family’s devices. Yesterday he and other intellectuals and activists were arrested in the same case, by adding several sections of the draconian Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA), which ensures long detention and difficulty in obtaining bail.”Apart from Mr. Gadling, head of the English department at Nagpur University Shoma Sen, Marathi poet Sudhir Dhavale, Rona Wilson of the Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners and anti-displacement activist Mahesh Raut have also been arrested.“The bias of the state is all the more obvious when the leaders of Hindutva organisations named in many complaints and FIRs as instigators of the Bhima Koregaon violence – Milind Ekbote and Sambhaji Bhide – whose anticipatory bail applications have been refused by even the Supreme Court, still roam free,” the release said.
MOST READ SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte LATEST STORIES Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Hontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid Desiree Cheng. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—De La Salle skipper Desiree Cheng had a curious reason for having one her worst offensive outputs in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament.Cheng finished with just two points in the Lady Spikers’ five-set loss to Far Eastern University, 25-22, 13-25, 15-25, 27-25, 15-8, and head coach Ramil De Jesus said the poor performance stemmed from a stray cat.ADVERTISEMENT View comments Philippine Arena Interchange inaugurated DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Eliud Kipchoge wins London Marathon for record 4th time The Lady Spikers’ defense discombobulated in the fifth set, and coupled with crucial errors, the Lady Tamaraws just took advantage.Heather Guino-o scored on two perfectly placed off-speed kills that gave FEU a 14-7 lead and Jolina Dela Cruz’ final hit sailed way off the out of bounds line giving the Lady Tamaraws the victory.The loss sent La Salle to a 10-4 record and the defending champion, instead of sealing the second seed and the twice-to-beat advantage, would now play University of Santo Tomas, also at 10-4, in a playoff for the No. 2 spot in the standings heading into the Final Four.De Jesus said his team should not be playing in their opponent’s pace and that they should at least match the intensity if not exceed it.“When an opponent gets that good of a start we should also play at that kind of level or even better,” said De Jesus.ADVERTISEMENT De Jesus said Sunday at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan that a stray cat scratched Cheng during the weekend and the outside spiker had to miss several days of practice after being vaccinated.“Des got scratched by a cat during the weekend so she was given anti-tetanus and anti-rabies, so I gave her the time off during a few days of practices” said De Jesus in Filipino.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsCheng averaged 10.4 points per game prior to the loss to the Lady Tamaraws and her two-point production was her second-worst offensive performance after she scored one point against—as fate had it—FEU in La Salle’s 25-15, 25-19, 26-24 sweep in her return from a one-game absence due to an injury in her right shoulder.La Salle’s loss, however, couldn’t be solely attributed to Cheng. Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 9 2019More than 30 million Americans suffer from osteoarthritis of the knee, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The degenerative joint disease, often caused by wear and tear, is a leading cause of disability in the U.S. Partly triggered by a breakdown in the fibrocartilage between the bones of the knee joint such as the meniscus, osteoarthritis results in pain, stiffness and less range of motion.Now, University of Kansas researcher Jenny Robinson is studying how estrogen may protect the menisci, the crescent-shaped pieces of fibrocartilage that absorb shock between the thighbone and shinbone. Her work is enabled by a one-year, $125,000 grant from the Center for Molecular Analysis of Disease Pathways, an NIH Center of Biomedical Research Excellence based at KU.”In general, osteoarthritis has a predisposition for women to experience it more than men, but it’s unknown why,” said Robinson, assistant professor of chemical & petroleum engineering. “Our hypothesis is that estrogen may be playing a role in the health of the meniscus and we can use estrogen potentially as a regenerative therapy. The easiest way to think about it is if you lose estrogen postmenopause — that’s when you have enhanced chances of osteoarthritis.” Robinson said the meniscus has a complex mechanical structure, with some regions that are hard and others that are more like soft tissue. She dubbed these areas of the meniscus “microenvironments.””The meniscus is composed of fibrous cartilage known as fibrocartilage — an intermediate tissue between hard tissue like bone and soft tissue like cartilage,” she said. “It has regional properties throughout the disc including changes in the types of cell and the environment the cells live in. Some regions are closer to bone, and some are closer to soft cartilage.”The KU researcher said chances of recovery from an injury to the meniscus depend on which region sustains damage. “There are different ways to tear the meniscus,” Robinson said. “Depending on the location and severity of the tear, repair is limited. The part of the tissue that is like cartilage is avascular. Most tissue that is avascular doesn’t get the nutrients and oxygen needed to regenerate. Typically, if you get a tear in the avascular region you don’t heal. So, we’re trying to find out how to promote regeneration in this region.”Related StoriesCommon traits keep many patients with knee cartilage issues from participating in clinical trialsYoung players may need one-year rehab time after knee surgeryNew technology to harvest energy from the human kneeUsing both in vitro and in vivo studies, Robinson and her collaborators hope to determine how estrogen acts on meniscal fibrochondrocyte transcriptional changes, cell type, extracellular matrix production and response to mechanical signals.”We’re looking at what estrogen does to human cells in a cell culture dish — how do we change the genes being transcribed, and which genetic material is being increased or decreased due to estrogen?” Robinson said. “What are the changes to proteins and sugars these cells are making — that’s what these cells do to create a healthy environment.”Robinson plans to test estrogen treatments alone and in combination with changes to the mechanical microenvironment in 2D and 3D models.She said the aim of the basic science is eventually to develop targeted, estrogen-based therapies to treat people who otherwise would cope with osteoarthritis for the rest of their lives.”The goal here is to make an off-the-shelf material, specific for sex and age, that a surgeon could implant into the knee instead of or after performing a meniscectomy,” Robinson said. “I’ve talked with orthopedic surgeons who hope for something we could inject into the knee and it would interreact with tissue, provide support and give off signals for repair. The hope is that you’d get full regeneration. Depending on your status when you got this treatment, this therapy could inhibit osteoarthritis when you’re young or, if you already have osteoarthritis, reduce the rate of further degeneration.”According to Robinson, the results of her study on the meniscus could influence future treatments for parts of the body beyond the knee joint.”What we find in the meniscus will likely be analogous to fibrocartilages in other joints including the shoulder, spinal discs and jaw,” she said. Source:https://news.ku.edu/2019/01/04/researcher-evaluates-estrogen-therapy-knee-osteoarthritis
Explore further Around 1.2 billion people, or almost one-fifth of the world’s population, live in areas of water scarcity, mostly in developing countries. Traditional reverse osmosis (R/O) desalination systems offer a solution but require sufficient electrical grid capacity. As part of the “Blue Growth Strategy’, the EU-funded H2020 W2O project has demonstrated the economic practicality of the world’s first wave-driven desalination system, Wave2O. This operates completely ‘off-grid’ to supply large quantities of affordable fresh water. Wave2O will be piloted in Cape Verde, an island in the Atlantic Ocean off West Africa. A location for the pilot plant has been identified and site assessment studies, including bathymetric surveys, wave energy assessments, and water quality assessments are being carried out. Project coordinator and cofounder of the SME Resolute Marine Limited, Olivier Ceberio says, “We secured a pledge from the local power and water utility to purchase a full-scale Wave2O plant after trials of a pilot-scale plant have been successfully completed.” Energy from the seaTwo wave energy converters (WECs) and two large 20-foot containers, one housing equipment for producing electricity and another for producing fresh water make up the Wave2O module. The WECs are connected to the containers by flexible hoses carrying pressurised seawater to and from the WECs. “Process seawater is sourced from an offshore well away from any sources of contamination through a multi-stage filtration system before entering a manifold system that splits its flow into two different paths,” explains Ceberio.Wave-induced mechanical energy is used by the WECs to drive two rotary actuators that increase the pressure of the intake seawater to 7 000 kPa before pumping it ashore. Here it is stabilised by a hydro-pneumatic accumulator to remove unwanted pressure pulsations before it enters the R/O system. A secondary flow of seawater is sent to an energy recovery unit (ERU). The ERU recovers energy from high-pressure brine – the by-product of the desalination process – and uses it to increase the pressure of the process seawater to 7 000 kPa. Energy recovery creates higher efficiency conversion, crucial for stand-alone operation.The pressure-stabilised intake seawater is then merged and enters a standard R/O unit at an operating pressure of 6 200 kPa. Approximately 35 percent of the feed water is processed into fresh water, which is a relatively low recovery rate that has benefits related to reduced maintenance, extended membrane life and lower brine salinity. The highly energetic brine is then used to pre-charge the feed water.Clean water with reduced carbon emissions Wave2O could provide access to low carbon energy to millions of people living in rural and isolated communities. “Each plant will produce 4 000 cubic metres of fresh water a day, enough to cover the needs of 40 000 people and reduce CO2 emission by 4 346 tons per year, the equivalent of taking 936 cars off the road,” claims Ceberio. “Our target customers are communities in developing countries and island nations that typically lack sufficient grid capacity and cannot afford the capital or time required to build and deploy grid-connected systems,” he adds.The medium-scale, grid independent, renewable energy powered water production system is aimed at developing countries and island nations outside the EU. Within Europe, W2O can benefit overseas countries and territories linked to EU Member States, like the Canary Islands and New Caledonia. Provided by CORDIS Researchers pilot system using electrodialysis to produce safe drinking water Credit: RML Citation: Wave power for clean drinking water (2018, November 27) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-power.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
© 2019 AFP “It’s an ill thought-out and badly conceived plan,” fumed one source close to Nissan, who did not wish to be identified, in response to the Fiat-Chrysler “50/50″ merger proposal that would potentially create the world’s third-largest carmaker.It is a bitter pill to swallow for Nissan, which appeared to be completely left in the dark about the project and is already battling falling sales amid reputational damage from the downfall of Ghosn, who is fighting financial misconduct charges.Behind the scenes at the Yokohama-based firm, people believe it could further damage relations with Renault, which is already pushing for a formal merger between the pair against Nissan’s wishes.”Nissan appears to be being kept out of the loop, which is unpleasant for Nissan and may create unnecessary distrust of Renault among Nissan people,” analyst Satoru Takada at TIW, a Tokyo-based research and consulting firm, told AFP.Putting a brave face on it, Nissan CEO Hiroto Saikawa told reporters on Monday he was “open to constructive discussions to strengthen the alliance” and the subject will surely be raised in a meeting on Wednesday with Renault boss Jean-Dominique Senard.Nissan and Renault, with headquarters 10,000 kilometres (6,000 miles) apart and very different histories and cultures, have always been seen as unlikely bedfellows and Ghosn was instrumental in keeping the alliance together.With his downfall after a Nissan-led investigation, the glue bonding the pair since 1999 has been removed and relations have quickly gone downhill.”Renault’s top priority is now FCA,” said Takada.”For Nissan, the speculated merger is not a plus. With the merger, Nissan’s position in the alliance would be relatively lowered and its independence could be flawed.”Fiat’s offer, which Renault is studying “with interest”, shows its Japanese partner that “it is no longer as important in its eyes,” relegating it into third place, according to Christopher Richter, analyst at Tokyo-based CLSA.’Important block’However, according to a well-informed source, “the door is open” for Nissan to join the tie-up, despite a recent downturn in its sales figures.”Nissan is still an important block in their puzzle, given it has good coverage of China, where neither Renault nor FCA are strong,” said one auto sector analyst who asked to remain anonymous.Nissan also brings to the party its Japanese partner Mitsubishi Motors, which has a strong presence in south-east Asia.If all firms were brought together, they would be producing nearly 16 million cars per year, well ahead of Toyota and Volkswagen which both sell around 10.6 million. And in any case, after 20 years, Nissan is too closely integrated with Renault to consider a divorce, no matter how low relations sink.”There are too many joint projects,” said one source close to the Japanese firm.”The alliance in its current form can not be defeated, it is already irreversible.”Investors however did not seem to cheer the news. While Renault and Fiat shares went through the roof, climbing 13 and 18 percent respectively at the open, Nissan stock enjoyed a muted rise of just more than one percent. Nissan, a long-time Renault partner, has been left sidelined by a potential tie-up between the French firm and Fiat-Chrysler, just as the beleaguered Japanese firm battles to recover from the arrest of former boss Carlos Ghosn. Citation: Old partner Nissan left sidelined by Renault-Fiat merger (2019, May 27) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-partner-nissan-left-sidelined-renault-fiat.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Renault, Fiat Chrysler in tie-up talks Explore further Ghosn was seen as the glue keeping the Renault-Nissan alliance together