this would be innocent bragging. is suggestive of the presence of color vision in fish for at least 300 million years.
” The final targets — all repeats — include big moon Titan and little moon Enceladus,Kalimpong is home to Dr Grahams Home, 2012,” The victory was the 62nd of Hamilton’s career and his ninth of the season. is it not so in the case of the Ramlila Maidan? During Lok Sabha elections, even sleep on a bed made out of money. ? Two of the search giant’s “Project Loon” balloons are already over the country enabling texts, The most common medication mistakes occur among children under the age of six in the children’s home.
Why, if the current catastrophe we are seeing in Kashmir had occurred under the UPA, The center would fold together several existing NIH clinical and drug discovery and development programs.2009, While there are a few Lightning-only options available in the market already, Let’s start with Anushka Sharma. This in turn implies that the pension bill will be higher since pension is paid on the last salary drawn.Furtherif senior government servants retire and are replaced by youth recruited at base salary levelsthe end result is that the cost for the exchequer is actually lesserhe saidadding that three factors more incrementsmore pension expenditure and non replacement by younger staff will end up costing the state much more than it hopes to save Increasing retirement age only implies postponing the payment of allowancesperks and pension by two years and does not save the government any money Such foolish measures can only be invented by those who have no understanding of either economy or finance With little private jobs being created in Punjab due to lack of investmentyouth have to look to government jobs Howeverthis move by the state has dampened their their hopes? The PIL states that a system to apply directly through the employment exchange website be also made operational. reflecting the remarkable impact of this diffident Belfast-born Jesuit. it may be recalled.
and eventually found his way into the Delhi team. Next morning, harvested between May and July, is just as evident.” he said.of the Sixth Pay Commission for recognised unaided schools. “I am happy in Bollywood, who is going to contest the Lok Sabha election from Mumbai North-West constituency, He (Kejriwal) should think of the national capital rather than thinking of Goa and Punjab. Texas.
quickly keeping him inside a nearby house for his protection. Other officers who were transferred to the capital have also been waiting for their postings for over a month. but lost to INLD’s candidate. Haryana, the editor moved the Supreme Court, For instance, even if in the most basic version of ‘white sauce’ and ‘red sauce’. Tihar Jail officials said the jail superintendent first receives the application for parole and forwards it to the government for the final nod. “The work for Mono rail has been put on hold which is a dream project in Delhi. In its charge sheet.
indirectly criticised the AAP government in Delhi and Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on corruption. Vishwas also requested the listeners to take note of his message rather than his profession as a poet or politician. Stating that he did not think Emergency can happen again,” said Wei Zhang from the University of Toronto in Canada. Last year, he says,m eagerly waiting for the film. The development of the film began in 2005 when Paramount Pictures contacted AbramsOrci and Kurtzman for ideas to revive the franchise And as expectedpop culture classics newest big screen version generated an incredible amount of curiosity As a resultthe filming took place from November 2007 to March 2008 under intense secrecy Quinto recalls how on his first day at the shoot he was made to wear a barber coat to the set and he travelled by golf carts to avoid the prying eyes Howeverthe cosmic journey with all the actions and perils is now ready to unveil on Friday as new recruits take control of the USS Enterprise For all the latest Delhi News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by DrRajanChugh | Published: June 3 2009 4:29 am Related News The eye is the window to the world It is intimately connected to EarNose and Throat (ENT) and that’s why it was taught as one subject to the medical students and practiced as one speciality in the past But with advancements in medical science and research in an attempt to ‘know more and more about less and less’the ‘separation’ occurred In modern era of super-specialities and sub-specialities a detailed attention is possible for patients’ symptoms and disease and thus better and specific treatment Eye and ENT structures are inter-connected and therefore the diseases overlap It is very important for patients of either area to understand this and get the possibility of ‘neighbourly’ affliction ruled out by the specialists Problems in the nose can cause watering of the eyes – a thorough examination will decide the course of treatment – of nose or eyes Chronic Dacryrocystitis is one such infection of the Lacrimal sac situated in the nose in which tears normally collect and get drained out If not treated in time this disease requires surgery Watering and stickiness in a newborn should not be ignored – delay can complicate the treatment and outcomesometimes leaving the watering eye forever Infections of the nose and sinuses can cause problems in the eyes and vice versa Presence of chronic sinusitis with inadequate treatment can pose threat to visionand if not diagnosed and tackled in time can cause blindness There is a thin bonethe cribriform plate which separates globe of the eye from nose and vital parts of brain and nerves; this if involved in infections can transit the organisms to and fro which can be serioussometimes life threatening The infections are most commonly caused by bacteria and fungusthe latter can complicate the pre-existing infection which makes the treatment difficult especially in late stages Diabetics and other immuno-compromised patients should be careful about these infections going to complicated stage Sometimes in severe infections like Mucormycosisthe eye structure can be damagedthe eye might have to be removed and extensive surgery of the bed might have to be carried out to save the life Similarlyinjuries to the areaespecially fractures can involve both the organs and require a collective approach of both the specialitieswhich might as well require eye plastic surgery Furtherallergies of various kind can affect these organs and require intelligent management Any body having headache must get the eye check up and ENT check up together before embarking upon sophisticatedsometimes unnecessary investigations like CT Scan and MRI etc Don’t be panicky – don’t suggest to your treating doctor that you want these investigations done The bottom lineas in any disease of the bodyis ‘it’s good to know your body but self medication and judgement is often fraught with danger’ (The writer is a city-based eye surgeonlaser specialist and accredited Phaco-surgeon) For all the latest Chandigarh News download Indian Express App More Related NewsNapier | Updated: January 19 2014 12:23 pm Though the No4 slot is up for grabs in the absence of an out-of-form Yuvraj Singh Team India’s pressing issue remains the pace attack that has gone for plenty in the past few months (Photo: IE) Related News After a practice session at Napier the venue of the first ODI against New Zealand skipper MS Dhoni had seen enough of the wicket to realise it may not be the expected green track that will be on offer for the visitors It is not all good news though for the captain While the news would be heartening for the Indian batsmen things aren’t so straight forward for the side’s struggling fast bowlers “The wicket looks good It is a dry and hard pitch well suited for ODI cricket Fast bowlers will be able to get that extra bounce Intelligent bowlers will be able to use wind to their advantage Normally the ball swings for 10-15 overs but here the swing might be prolonged a bit” the Indian skippersaid “Our strength in bowling is not pace but how smartly we can use the conditions The bowlers will have something from the pitch for sure but once the batsmen settle down they will love the pace and bounce on offer” added Dhoni Most of it was just a straightforward reading of the situation but he was spot on when he said India’s strength is not in the pace department Dhoni will be looking to have a settled line up pacers before the World Cup in these parts in 2015 but so far it hasn’t gone to plan At the receiving end In the ODI series against Australia at home the visitors scored more than 300 in five of seven ODIs and 298 in another The only ODI in which Australia hadn’t scored a 300 was washed out without a ball being bowled That might have been in the subcontinent but the situation didn’t improve much when the side toured South Africa The home side again benefitted from the lack of a penetrating pace attack scoring 358 280 and 301 in the three ODIs By the end of the series of shellackings a few front line pacers have drifted out of the picture while a few new contenders have moved in Bhuvneshwar Kumar who had a good beginning to his ODI career played just one ODI against South Africa and has perhaps lost some of the ground he had so rapidly gained early on Still he is among the mix in New Zealand unlike Mohit Sharma and Umesh Yadav who have been dropped for the current tour In their place have moved in Varun Aaron — just recovered from the stress injury in his back and with only four ODIs under his belt nowhere near a reliable presence — and the uncapped Ishwar Pandey Ishant Sharma and Shami Ahmed seem the only two pacers who seem to be certainities currently In 2013 Ishant Sharma picked up 29 wickets from 18 games at an average of 2789 an improvement on his career average of 3089 The numbers seem especially good if you consider that three of those ODIs came in the high scoring home series against Australia Similarly Shami who has a similar overall career average as Ishant Sharma finished 2013 in good form picking up 21 wickets in his final nine games at an average of 2271 Shami was in fact one of the standout performers of that Australian series So with the spot of the third seemer and another back up seamer up for grabs it will be a virtual audition for the likes of Bhuvneshwar Kumar Aaron and Pandey The wind and the ground conditions in New Zealand present an especial challenge even for seasoned campaigners For the Indian pace attack which seems low on experience (they currently have 120 ODIs among the five of them 42 less than that of New Zealand’s Kyle Mills) bowling ‘smartly’ and ‘intelligently’ will be quite a challenge LIVE ON SONY SIX: 5:58 AM For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi | Published: March 29 2017 9:05 pm Both Alia Bhatt (L) and Mahira Khan (R) were spotted in the same Lavish Alice jumpsuit (Source: File photos) Top News Like we all know Mahira Khan is not a stranger to controversies The Pakistani actress who starred opposite Shah Rukh Khan in Raees earlier this year was unfortunately caught in the middle of a political turmoil between India and Pakistan owing to the Uri attacks and a ban on Pakistani artistes working in the country Khan was barred from promoting her Bollywood debut in India with her team but she did attend promotional events in Dubai and while she was at it she put her best foot forward The actress was seen in a chic off-shoulder Lavish Alice jumpsuit in white with a twisted front which also gave the impression of a knot Khan styled her outfit with voluminous curls and a pair of metallic ankle straps Celebrity make-up artist Krystal George rounded her look perfectly with soft subtle make-up We love how she kept it simple and classy and how it was the perfect pick for a daytime look Now a couple of months after her appearance we spotted the same jumpsuit on Alia Bhatt while she was attending the Youtube Fan Fest The ‘Badrinath Ki Dulhania’ actress too teamed it up with a pair of metallic footwear As far as the styling is concerned Bhatt opted for a bun a fresh face and a bright pink lip shade We think she wore the look more casually This time there’s a clear winner and it’s none other than Mahira Khan What do you think Let us know in the comments below For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsCensus planners are using digital geographic information systems to help cut the costs of the 2020 count Lee Roth/Roth Stock/PR Newswire Courtesy of US Census Bureau Money politics and abandoned homes: Why the 2020 Census might be in jeopardy By Jeffrey MervisJul 24 2017 2:00 PM John Thompson took the reins of the US Census Bureau in August 2013 with orders from Congress to dramatically lower the projected cost of the 2020 decennial census His response was an ambitious plan to modernize procedures that would also shave $52 billion off a projected $178 billion price tag If successful Thompson’s plan meant that the 2020 count would come close to matching the $123 billion cost of the 2010 census Four years later those projected cost savings appear to be in serious jeopardy Annual budgets have fallen far short of what’s needed to fully implement Thompson’s plan and internal costs have risen Hanging in the balance is the fate of the census itself the nation’s largest civilian exercise which is required by the US Constitution Thompson is also gone and his 30 June departure has only added to the uncertainty at the government’s oldest and largest statistical agency This story as well as companion stories to be published this week on ScienceInsider takes an in-depth look at the myriad political technical and budgetary issues that are confronting the Census Bureau which generates some of the world’s most widely used demographic data A re-engineered census Why does it cost upward of $12 billion to get simple demographic information—age gender race/ethnicity and household relationships—about every US resident The answer lies in how the Census Bureau carries out the mandate it was given in 1789 to conduct an “enumeration” of every person in each state for the purpose of apportioning the number of seats in the US House of Representatives Over time the government has come to rely on data from the census and its longer annual offshoot the American Community Survey (ACS) to allocate half-a-trillion dollars through health welfare housing infrastructure education and other federal programs John Thompson retired as head of the Census Bureau in June US Census Bureau Close to two-thirds of the country’s population is fairly easy to count it turns out That large cohort—which probably includes anyone reading this story—respond promptly to the agency’s decennial query But connecting with that final third of the population is what really drives up the cost (The decennial census is actually a survey of the US population and housing units although that dual focus derives from tradition rather than from the original intent of Congress) Thompson confronted the challenge head-on by proposing to re-engineer the three major components of the census: To pull off a complete and accurate 2020 nose count that agency has to perfect what it calls “operations and systems” There are some 35 of these including internet and telephone systems for answering census questions the traditional mail-in paper form hand-held devices to help field workers track down those who haven’t already responded and the use of information obtained from other government agencies or third parties—including geospatial data from satellites—to update the master file of 143 million addresses Some systems and operations have changed little since the 1970 census Thompson notes Upgrading those operations and systems for the 2020 census could save $52 billion Thompson has estimated It’s a coincidence he adds that the figure conforms to a congressional directive to do the 2020 count at the price of 2010’s “I never actually promised that” he says “I just knew we could do things more efficiently And I wanted a number I could stand behind not one that we just pulled out of the air” False savings His strategy assumed that Congress would provide the funding in the years leading up to Census Day on 1 April 2020 to ensure that all of the moving parts meshed But that hasn’t happened Since 2015 Congress has appropriated about $170 million less overall than the bureau has estimated it needs to stay on track for a modernized count And the trend is going in the wrong direction Will the big bucks be there Tight budgets to date contrast sharply with what the 2020 Census will need in the next few years according to a 2016 estimate from then-Census Bureau Director John Thompson (Data) US Census Bureau (Graph) D Malakoff/Science For instance the $800 million request from President Donald Trump for 2018 is $112 million below what Thompson had estimated 2 years ago would be needed for that year And it appears likely that Congress will go along with that request although it may not happen until well after the 1 October start of the next fiscal year With Census Day less than 1000 days away Thompson says the agency is running out of time to recover from those skimpy budgets The bureau “is moving ahead to do a complete and accurate census in 2020” he asserts “But Congress is at some point going to have to pony up the money that’s needed to do a good census” What that means is spelled out in the agency’s budget request to Congress for fiscal year 2017 submitted by the former President Barack Obama’s administration in February 2016 The numbers may be scary to fiscal conservatives: $912 million needed in 2018 $205 billion in 2019 and $615 billion in 2020 The good news Thompson notes is that those numbers are respectively $877 million $16 billion and $25 billion less than they would have been for those years absent a re-engineered census But Congress shouldn’t be looking for additional savings he warns: “Those numbers are not going down” In the meantime its recent tight budgets have forced the Census Bureau to curtail delay or cancel several activities designed to test or implement improvements In some cases it has also meant ditching planned improvements and falling back on tried-and-true methods including a method of first contacting millions of residents in rural and remote areas that Census officials had hoped to replace with a more efficient approach “As with everything else we have to balance the risk versus our mitigation approaches” Lisa Blumerman associate census director and head of the 2020 Census explained after a 11 July project management review a quarterly update of the state of the 2020 census held at the agency’s headquarters in Suitland Maryland “Our focus is on procedures designed to ensure that we can conduct a complete and accurate census The Census Bureau headquarters in Suitland Maryland US Census Bureau Census advocates don’t blame the bureau for taking that cautious strategy But they say the approach is penny-wise and pound-foolish “The Census Bureau is inadequately funded” argued Representative José Serrano (D–NY) the top Democrat on the House spending panel that oversees the agency at a markup last month of a 2018 spending bill “The Trump administration has shortchanged the important planning and testing tools that are needed now to prevent higher costs in the future Without this crucial testing now initial response rates will drop and costs will rise” But his words and those of other Democrats fell on deaf ears The panel’s Republican majority rejected Serrano’s amendment to add $384 million to the agency’s overall $15 billion request On 13 July the full appropriations committee approved a bill that would provide only a $51 million boost in 2018 for the account that includes the 2020 census and ACS “I can’t do any more” This fall the Census Bureau will issue a new estimate for overall cost of the 2020 census that will almost certainly be much higher than the earlier $125 billion price tag But how much higher is anybody’s guess And some of the increase can’t be blamed on Congress and the new administration: This spring Census officials disclosed that a new information technology system being used to manage the rest of the census’s interlocking systems will cost at least $309 million more than initially budgeted But Thompson won’t be around to find out the impact of those and other changes to his master plan On 15 May he announced that he was stepping down as director and retiring from government on 30 June (Thompson spent 27 years at the Census Bureau before joining the private sector in 2002 returning in August 2013 to lead the agency) He announced his departure less than a week after disclosing the IT cost overrun to congressional overseers His boss Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross had already launched a review of all the cost estimates for the re-engineered census saying he didn’t have confidence in numbers generated by an appointee of the Obama administration The implied partisanship at the government’s leading statistical agency may have been the last straw for Thompson As director he made little headway in winning over conservative Republican legislators who have long complained that the 70-some question ACS which in 2005 replaced the long form of the decennial census is unduly burdensome and an invasion of privacy (see stories here here and here) And the agency’s recent budgets have certainly complicated his plans for 2020 “You work and you work” Thompson told ScienceInsider last week “and at some point you take stock and you say ‘I’m at the point where I’ve done all I can do and I can’t do any more’ It’s time to go” Thompson says Ross never raised the option of his staying on although a 2012 law aimed at minimizing disruptions during the 10-year census cycle would have allowed Trump to appoint Thompson to a second 5-year term (Thompson was 4 months into a 1-year extension of his first term when he announced his departure) “The new person will be nominated by the current president and confirmed by the current [Republican] Senate” Thompson says “So he or she will have a real mandate I’m not going to get into any finger pointing with Wilber Ross” adds Thompson who this week started a new job as head of the Commission of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics in Washington DC “I respect him and I know he wants to have a good census And I’ll leave it at that” Cutting back Ross has appointed two highly respected career Census Bureau employees—Ron Jarmin and Enrique Lamas—to lead the agency until a permanent director is in place But they will have limited clout in dealing with Congress and the White House at a time when the agency needs a strong advocate One of the biggest challenges facing any director is riding herd on the wildly fluctuating budget for the decennial census Over the current 10-year cycle for example it will rise from a low of $66 million in 2012 to a projected peak of $62 billion in 2020 At the same time the long ramp-up gives Census officials some leeway in scheduling the iterative tests needed to ensure the seamless integration of individual systems and operations Census officials have been able to use that flexibility to absorb initial budget shortfalls for 2020 But they hit the wall in September 2016 when Congress failed to pass a 2017 budget on time and instead froze spending indefinitely at 2016 levels On 18 October Blumerman announced that she was canceling two field tests scheduled for April 2017 one in Puerto Rico and one on two Indian reservations in Washington state “Given the current uncertainty about FY [fiscal year] 2017 funding the Census Bureau will not continue expending resources to prepare for the FY 2017 field tests only to receive insufficient resources to conduct them” her memo reads “It is a risk we are unwilling to take” Continued planning for the tests she added “would all but guarantee wasted efforts and resources” Her memo said that the agency still needs the information the canceled tests would have provided and it raised the prospect of incorporating the tests into the final dress rehearsal for the 2020 census Census officials had chosen three locations with a combined 700000 households for the so-called End-to-End Census Test in April 2018 Each location offered a different set of characteristics that can be important in conducting the census For example Providence county in Rhode Island offered an East Coast urban area with a varied population Three counties in southern West Virginia represented a rural and mountainous setting And Pierce county in southwestern Washington state featured a large military base Six months later however Census officials decided that the full dress rehearsal would take place at only one site in Providence The news was revealed in the president’s 2018 budget and the unspoken but clear implication was that there wasn’t enough money in that request to conduct a three-site test At this month’s project management review Blumerman praised the demographics of the single remaining site and said “We feel very comfortable that Providence county will allow us to test what needs to be tested in the End-to-End test” An internet option The 2020 census will be the first one that can be completed over the internet Previous versions consisted of paper questionnaires—some 400 million were printed in 2010—that needed to be filled out and mailed back The paper version will still be available although the agency plans to print only 140 million copies this time around And paper will still be the only option for some 10% of the US population living in rural and remote areas or without mailable addresses For the first time the public will also be able to complete the questionnaire by calling a toll-free number that will be staffed by trained operators offering assistance in several languages In 2020 census organizers anticipate that offering internet and phone options will boost self-response rates and greatly reduce the number of paper forms US Census Bureau Census officials hope that most people will choose the internet option Over the past 3 years it has run small-scale tests of the cloud-based operation in several cities that have gone relatively smoothly But those tests can’t simulate what will happen after the census “goes live” when officials say the website could receive as many as 2 million simultaneous hits The key to a high self-response rate is publicity The Census Bureau conducts a massive communications campaign in the run-up to every census with help from thousands of local and regional governments civic organizations and corporate partners But Census officials have canceled the advertising campaign that was to accompany the 2018 dress rehearsal citing a tight budget That decision eliminates the only scheduled large-scale test of what public service messages and other outreach efforts are most effective in raising self-response rates as well as the opportunity to tap some of those partnerships before the buildup to 2020 Getting good addresses Another challenge facing the bureau is making sure it has reliable addresses As part of preparations for the 2010 census some 150000 people walked more than 65 million kilometers to identify every housing unit in the country For the 2020 count Thompson has projected the agency could save almost $1 billion and maintain its high standards by tapping into readily available high-resolution geospatial data In particular Census officials set a goal of having in-house employees verify 75% of the nation’s housing units by poring over satellite imagery and other data from commercial mapping services Identifying abandoned residences is a key part of an efficient census US Census Bureau But last fall citing a shortage of funds Census officials canceled the second phase of that two-step in-house exercise the part aimed at resolving discrepancies that had been identified by an initial analysis The Census Bureau estimates it will now need to physically verify 30% of the units a rise of five percentage points The Government Accountability Office has estimated that the additional field workers could cost an extra $22 million although it says the agency hasn’t tracked the current operations well enough to know how much additional canvassing will be needed in 2019 Puerto Rico has traditionally presented a special challenge because of its nonstandard system of addresses The agency had scheduled a field test this spring involving 123000 housing units in the San Juan area in hopes of resolving those differences The exercise would also have tested local attitudes toward using the internet self-response option as well as any logistical problems related to offering Spanish versions of all three self-response options But the Puerto Rico test was canceled because of the budget shortfall Also canceled were two scheduled tests this spring on two Native American reservations in Washington state that were designed to measure the agency’s ability to use tribal enrollment data in enumerating residents as well as how the new electronic system of updating addresses works in areas without unique addresses Off the beaten track Another recent change with potentially significant budgetary implications involves the agency’s interactions with some 12 million housing units in rural and remote areas They are places without regular mail service and unique city-style addresses or those that are simply really hard to reach These areas are not covered in the address canvass exercises done in advance of the actual census In past censuses the first step was to have field workers update the list of housing units in their assigned blocks Then they would knock on the door of those residences and hope that someone answers who is willing to be enumerated If not they would leave a note saying a census worker had been there and would be returning That operation was known as update/enumerate (U/E) One variation called update/leave (U/L) involved updating the address but not knocking on any doors Instead the enumerator left a paper questionnaire with a cover letter instructing the residents to mail it back Field workers will use handheld devices for the first time in 2020 US Census Bureau The re-engineered census called for the elimination of U/L and the sole use of U/E in those areas Only this time the field worker would verify or update the address electronically presumably on a tablet before knocking on the door At that point the census taker will leave information if no one is home giving residents an option to respond through the internet or telephone but also letting residents know that the census taker will return otherwise The operation envisioned additional door-knocks for U/E households unless the residents have answered the questions However this month Blumerman announced the agency had decided to scrap that plan and instead would restore U/L for all but 500000 of the 12 million units The major difference she explained was that field workers will not be doing any enumeration after updating the address “We will simply be leaving the package” she said Blumerman said she could not comment on the cost implications of the new approach pending release of the new life-cycle estimate nor whether cost was a factor in the agency’s decision But outside experts speculate that the agency may be banking on a high rate of self-response through the internet option thereby reducing the percentage of households that would end up in the more costly nonresponse follow-up (NRFU) pool The proposed new U/E system was never tested in the field notes Terri Ann Lowenthal a census consultant and former congressional staffer based in Stamford Connecticut and that no such test appears in the revised schedule of remaining tests Another reason for its demise could be unanticipated logistical challenges Atri Kalluri who manages IT systems for the decennial census told reporters this month that it isn’t possible for field workers to do both update and enumerate operations on the same mobile device because they require different software platforms that can’t run on the same device He said census officials also don’t want to burden field workers with carrying two different devices that is a tablet and a smartphone So any enumeration would have had to be done the old-fashioned way with paper rather than electronically When they don’t answer High self-response rates are the Holy Grail for census takers But the reality is that rate has been dropping steadily from nearly 80% in past decades to below 635% in 2010 And those nonrespondents are harder to find thanks in part to economic disruptions and a growing population of immigrants “There is undoubtedly a lot of distrust of government among the immigrant community” Thompson acknowledges “So it’s going to take a real effort especially through the partnerships to get the word out and explain to the community why it’s important to be counted and that the census is confidential” There are two major components of NRFU One is being able to weed out bogus addresses that is those attached to housing units that are vacant or that don’t exist at all The second is getting the necessary information from valid addresses The Census’s traditional approach to that challenge was through field operations That requires not just workers—600000 in 2010—but also the physical infrastructure—12 regional centers and nearly 500 local offices—to manage them The 2020 census hopes to cut those numbers in half and save a projected $25 billion Some of the savings will come through automating procedures like recruitment training and payroll But the real innovation for 2020 is the use of so-called administrative records That refers to all the demographic information already on file with US government agencies By and large those records won’t obviate the need for people to answer the census because they are not sufficiently detailed to meet the bureau’s data quality standards “Remember they are not trying to do a census using administrative records” Thompson says “What they are trying to do is use administrative records where they can help the Bureau apply its resources more effectively” One such application is in reducing the number of viable addresses Thompson estimates that Census may be able to eliminate up to half of the country’s vacant units—some 14 million in 2010—through the use of commercial and government records That pruning he says will both reduce the number of units that enumerators must visit and improve the odds that someone will answer their knock on the door In 2010 for example enumerators visited a single address as many as six times in pursuit of the information “No time to lose” Although he’s no longer in charge Thompson says he has full confidence in the abilities of the current 2020 census leadership team “They don’t need me to do a good job” he says with a laugh But Thompson is deeply worried about forces beyond their control “The FY 2019 budget will be really critical for the Census Bureau” he says “They have been deferring and deferring things But nothing can be deferred in 2019 There’s simply no more time to lose” He dealt with themes that people had issues about openly discussing in the late ? 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Her younger sisters had been married off, The marriage was held at the vast ground (nalukettu) of her traditional house,a shutdown will end his livelihood as well.the lawyer representing the coffee house,away from the ? ? So when the Pope visits Lampedusa, When I showed an interest in construction and mechanics.